How Do You Get Acne And Treat It
Acne is now so common that most people consider it a natural part of being a teenager or young adult. It is a fact that roughly 8 in 10 teens get some form of acne conglobata. However, many women also get acne around the time of menstruation or around menopause. Acne is actually caused by an increase in hormones which is what women and teens have in common. The type of acne that teens and women experience is called acne vulgaris. It simply means common acne. Luckily there are a number of treatments on the market today for acne and dermatologists can prescribe many different things that will stop acne cold. Consider the following facts to learn more about acne and what causes it.
The Sebaceous Gland
The sebaceous gland is located in the pores and hair follicles of the skin. These glands produce an oil called sebum. Sebum is the oil that keeps your skin soft, your hair oiled and soft, and lubricates your nails. In normal circumstances the body regulates these glands to ensure they produce the correct amount of oil. However, when hormone levels change within the body sometimes the glands are not regulated properly. In this case too much oil is produced. The oil, combined with dead skin cells, builds up in the pores and forms acne. When this happens bacteria may become trapped in the pore and form a hot, red bump known as a pimple.
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Types of Acne
There are three main types of acne that occur in the skin. When a pore is clogged and it bulges out of the skin you will develop a whitehead. However, if the pore is clogged but the top of the pore stays open you can see into the pore and you will see a black spot called a blackhead. If the sebum and dead skin cells trap the bacteria you may develop a whitehead that is inflamed. In this case you have a pimple. If left untreated or if the acne is picked at the wall of the pore may open and staph infection could set up below the skins surface forming a boil. Boils are very painful and usually very inflamed.
Daily Regimens to Treat Acne
Each day you should wash your face at least twice. Use a mild soap, warm water, and a soft cloth. Gently wash your face and never scrub your acne. This may actually irritate the bumps and cause even more problems. Keep hair products such as hair spray or gel off your face. You can also try over the counter meditations such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid to clear up your breakouts. Never overdo it with these medications as they may dry out your face. Simply be patient and give your skin time to heal.
As you can see acne is not something you can easily prevent but it is something you may be able to treat easily. If over the counter medications don’t provide relief meet with a dermatologist who has additional options available.